Exercise 1.4.1


Cons-Cells are the smallest compound data structure in Lisp. A Cons-Cell is effectively a pair of pointers. You can tell if what you're looking at is a Cons-Cell by using the predicate consp, and you can create a Cons-Cell using the function cons.

In the REPL

(consp 5)

(consp "a")

(consp 'a)

(consp (cons 'a 'b))

Wnat You Should See

Numbers, strings, and symbols are not Cons-Cells, so the consp predicate returns nil. You can create a Cons-Cell of two other objects with the cons function, which returns a fresh Cons-Cell every time it is called. This operation is called consing, and we will explore it further in the following exercises.

* (consp 5)

* (consp "a")

* (consp 'a)

* (consp (cons 'a 'b))

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